Working with an excavator – trenching and loading – is so very common these days, that is not an unusual thing for operators to form a habit in how they set up their work sites and how they work on their machines.
If you are the one to work on an excavator for a loading and trenching project, here are our tips for you.
When it comes to trenching…
Make sure you take your time for setup. Many people skip this part and it is crucial that you would not. First, you need to see where you will put your spoil pile and all the bedding material, and where you will put the pipe – if it is applicable, of course. Make sure you give yourself a reference point – if you take enough time to do this, you will avoid moving the materials multiple times later.
You should start with the paint line or making the path. Make sure you dig the teeth in just enough to mark the direction of the trench, so it is in alignment.
If the project is not on level ground, then you might need to work to hold the grade. Make sure you use something that will allow operators to input job specifications.
When you are digging and pulling the material out of the trench, make sure you keep the area in and also around the trench very clean, and with no trace of debris, in order to remove safety hazards and to prevent trucks from backing due to the debris between the loads.
Make sure you know all the features of your machine. Some of them have a boom oat feature, that prevents the hydraulic force. It also allows you to be more in control of the bucket in order to be consistent in your job. It might be the best idea to just go to your machine and “get to know it”. It will come in handy when having to do a task faster than usual. If you are looking for an excavator, you might want to look for excavator in Sydney.
If you have to do a task that involves intensive digging, the machine should have a power boost function that’s supposed to max out the pump in order to get a full operating pressure for nine seconds.
Always be aware of the orientation of the track. Do not go into a specific direction until you did a short acceleration test.
When is possible, try to dig over front idlers, and when you dig over the side, keep in mind that the lifting capacity should be lower?
Make sure you locate the existing utilities before you start digging. Call 811 for that.
Put spoils where they are supposed to be. OSHA asks for the spoil pile to be a minimum 2 feet from the trench, but
when taking into account the many types of spoil, you should put it farther than that.
OSHA has some trenching requirements for inspections, protective system, and access. Make sure you always follow the OSHA guidelines in order to stay safe.
When it comes to loading…
Before you start doing your work, make sure that the excavator attachments are put correctly for the job you are going to do. Make sure you take into account the maximum reach required and the density of the material that it is about to be moved.
When it comes to the hauler position, you need to place your excavator at a height that is correct for the loading. This means that the bench height should be approximately the same with the height of the haul truck sideboards.
Make sure you put the vehicle to be loaded so that it would not swing. Also, it does not have to travel more than necessary.
Always be aware of your surroundings. Make sure you see all the obstacles and make the most out of your mirrors and cameras. You should have side-view cameras and rear view mirrors. Also, wheeled excavators come with the Smart View cameras that will help you more in having visibility over the working area.
Under no circumstance should you bucket or even load over people or over cars.
How to choose the best equipment
We all know how contractors can be. They are trying to make the most out of their equipment. But it is very hard to examine closely what exactly digging and trenching needs and what is the best environment for it. Let us not even mention costs, maintenance factors, the amount of fuel they use, and the transportation.
When it comes to the most equipment from this field, you need to choose something that will come with even more capacity than you actually need. However, you also need to be careful not to overdo it.