Impact of Self-Stigma on the Treatment and Recovery of Mental Health Disorders

Stigma refers to a disgraced judgment of an individual in a specific matter Goffman (2009). The principle has a high significance in social psychology. Three main layers are structural, social, and interior (Corrigan et al., 2005). Micro-level stigma is said to be the mental illness of an individual in a devalued community. Self-stigma can distract a person to get immediate treatment and recovery (Heath et al., 2018).

Background (Brief Overview)

Various studies have explored the meaning and importance of self-stigma (Abdullah & Brown, 2011; Kato et al., 2016; Yanos et al,2010). Corrigan et al., 2005 highlight that it creates a problem for the patient to take psychiatric care. The issue of shame is the main barrier to ensuring high physical care. The sufferer does not share the situation with others and avoids the care essentialities. It also put a direct impact on the professional behavior of an individual.

Background (Related Issues)

Schizophrenia is also the type of self-stigma that creates issues in persons dealing (Livingston & Boyd, 2010). Negative behavior comes from internal that relate to the mind of a person. The concepts of rehabilitation and self-inclusion are important to ensuring well-being. The interchange approach is significant to fight this
illness. The related factors of education, vocational training, and accommodation are important (Oexle et al., 2017).

Background (Consequences)

Self-stigma reduces the level of confidence and dedication (Pasmatzi et al., 2016). This mental illness can create issues of self-isolation and poor living conditions. The issues are also connected with a lack of incentives in the workplace (Rose et al., 2019). The internal issues weakened an individual to achieve the
targets within time. Bad health conditions can adversely affect the quality of life.

Discussion (Main Reason)

The lack of treatment is the main obstacle to overcoming mental illness. The issues are common in many countries including the United States(Armstrong and Brandon, 2019). Even the health insurance is available, people are not convinced to focus on treatments. Internal factors including shame are the main obstacle.
Due to this issue, individuals distract from their goals (Endriulaitienė et al., 2019).

Discussion (Main Effects)

Individuals with anxiety orders face the issue of sweating and swift pulse. A clear understanding of the current situation is important to lower the effect. Panic infections and specific phobia may create issues (Curcio and Corboy, 2020). The use of drugs or alcohol in adults to reduce the effects is also common. The negative opinions can create social anxiety for an individual (Mo et al., 2020).

Discussion (Tactic)

It can be said that self-stigma is a psychiatric-related issue (Vrbova et al., 2018). The issues may result in life anxiety issues including depression (Grant et al., 2016). The basis of this problem can be events that took place in the past. The time is important to forget such events that created big issues. The use of alcohol is not a permanent solution to deal with the problem. Discussion (Result-Oriented Techniques) the problem. Conscious meditation with deep breathing is an effective solution (Abdisa et al., 2020). Specific focus on a single task is the best way to reduce tensions. Strong dedication and commitment to the task are important. Self-assessment and mitigation plans should be focused on. Relaxation mode is the mandatory element to reduce its intensity.

Discussion (Remedies)

Exercise is the best way to remove the tension and anxiety of an individual. Short exercise daily is important for physical and mental health. The diversion and focus on the mind are also connected with it. Physical movement has a high value in reducing tensions. However, consistency is important to achieve the desired
objectives (Mensinger and Meadows, 2017).

Discussion (Advices)

The exercise should be done with a relaxed mind to achieve the outcomes. Bad habits should be removed to encounter challenges. The use of tobacco and alcohol should be avoided. The advice is important to lower the level of anxiety. Self-control is the main requirement to overcome the challenge.


The issues of treating mental health are significant (Funget al, 2007). Personal issues and difficulties should be overcome by using meaningful tactics. The issues are important in today’s busy environment. Treatment programs with specific knowledge should be provided. The external factors for adults and youngsters should be reviewed. The removal of such mental illness is important for all. The issues and challenges are common, but the solution is essential. The relaxation mode is significant to living a healthy life. The tensions in the workplace, housing, and social interaction can be avoided. The remedies should be applied accordingly to mitigate the issues.


Abdisa, E., Fekadu, G., Girma, S., Shibiru, T., Tilahun, T., Mohamed, H., Wakgari, A., Takele, A., Abebe, M., and Tsegaye, R.,(2020) Self-stigma and medication adherence among patients with mental illness treated at Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia, International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 14(1), pp.1-13.

Abdullah, T., & Brown, T. L. (2011). Mental illness stigma and ethnocultural beliefs, values, and norms: An integrative review.Clinical psychology review, 31(6), 934-948.

Armstrong, V. and Brandon, T., (2019) Mental distress and “self-stigma” in the context of support provision: exploring attributions of self-stigma as sanism, Mental Health, and Social Inclusion.

Corrigan, P. W., Kerr, A., & Knudsen, L. (2005). The stigma of mental illness: Explanatory models and methods for change. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 11(3), 179-190.

Curcio, C. and Corboy, D., (2020) Stigma and anxiety disorders: A systematic review, Stigma, and Health, 5(2), p.125.
Endriulaitienė, A., Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė, K., Pranckevičienė, A., Markšaitytė, R., Tillman, D.R. and Hof, D.D., (2019)
Self-Stigma of seeking help and job burnout in mental health care providers: the comparative study of Lithuanian and the USA
samples, Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 34(2), pp.129-148.


Fung, K.M., Tsang, H.W., Corrigan, P.W., Lam, C.S. and Cheng, W.M., (2007) Measuring self-stigma of mental illness in China and its implications for recovery, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 53(5), pp.408-418.

Goffman, E. (2009). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Simon and Schuster.

Grant, J.B., Bruce, C.P. and Batterham, P.J., (2016) Predictors of personal, perceived and self-stigma towards anxiety and depression, Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences, 25(3), p.247.

Heath, P.J., Brenner, R.E., Lannin, D.G. and Vogel, D.L., (2018) Self-compassion moderates the relationship between perceived public and anticipated self-stigma of seeking help, Stigma and Health, 3(1), p.65.

Kato, A., Fujimaki, Y., Fujimori, S., Izumida, Y., Suzuki, R., Ueki, K., Kadowaki, T., & Hashimoto, H. (2016). A qualitative study on the impact of internalized stigma on type 2 diabetes self-management. Patient Education and Counseling, 99(7), 1233-1239.

Livingston, J. D., & Boyd, J. E. (2010). Correlates and consequences of internalized stigma for people living with mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Social science & medicine, 71(12), 2150-2161.

Mensinger, J.L. and Meadows, A., (2017) Internalized weight stigma mediates and moderates physical activity outcomes during a healthy living program for women with high body mass index, Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 30, pp.64-72.

Mo, P.K., Chen, X., Lam, E.H., Li, J., Kahler, C.W. and Lau, J.T., (2020) The Moderating Role of Social Support on the Relationship Between Anxiety, Stigma, and Intention to Use Illicit Drugs Among HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men, AIDS and
Behavior, 24(1), pp.55-64.

Oexle, N., Rüsch, N., Viering, S., Wyss, C., Seifritz, E., Xu, Z. and Kawohl, W., (2017) Self-stigma and suicidality: a longitudinal the study, European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, 267(4), pp.359-361. Pasmatzi, E., Koulierakis, G. and Giaglis, G., (2016) Self-stigma, self-esteem, and self-efficacy of mentally ill, Psychiatric.

Rose, A.L., Atkey, S.K., Flett, G.L. and Goldberg, J.O., (2019) Self‐stigma and domains of well‐being in high school youth: Associations with self‐efficacy, self‐esteem, and self‐criticism, Psychology in the Schools, 56(8), pp.1344-1354.

Vrbova, K., Prasko, J., Ociskova, M., Holubova, M., Kantor, K., Kolek, A., Grambal, A. and Slepecky, M., (2018) Suicidality,
self-stigma, social anxiety and personality traits in stabilized schizophrenia patients–a cross-sectional study, Neuropsychiatric disease
and treatment, 14, p.1415.

Yanos, P. T., Roe, D., & Lysaker, P. H. (2010). The impact of illness identity on recovery from severe mental illness. American Journal of psychiatric rehabilitation, 13(2), 73-93.

News Reporter