Excavator And Its Types: Things You Need To Know!

An excavator is a machine used in the construction industry and other civil engineering types to make various applications. Varying as per shape, size and its functionality, an excavator, can serve many different purposes. In simpler terms, an excavator is used to dig out soil from various surfaces.

It helps in removing soil from road constructions, building, and other structural constructions and in mining. While there are many applications of an excavator,  the main advantage of using an excavator is to improve efficiency and productivity thereby reducing the overall cost of the structure.

Construction engineers also use them at large surfaces where other conventional tools like spades and holes are ineffective. Excavator is used in:

  • To lift waste, holding heavy equipment and other debris
  • It is used for digging trenches, holes and other foundation
  • Used in mining excavation

Different Types Of Excavators:

Excavator Mounted Drill is used to fulfilling various industrial and contractor needs. From mining to road constructing, they can be used at any space that requires tools that offer more than just digging the hole. Here are some of the common types of excavators that are used in the construction industry:


Due to their small size, they are known as the compact excavators. But while they are small in shape, they have high horsepower, which is used in mining and other heavy-duty purposes. They are used to lift debris and soil from the places where light machines are of no use. These machines run on chain and wheel system and have high hydraulic power mechanism. Also, they have a versatile framework, which reduces the risk of sliding from the hill.


The backhoe is one of the most common and widely used excavators, and its effectiveness is often applicable in the areas that are not just limited to evacuation. Usually, a backhoe features a bucket that pulls the soil toward the driver before lifting. These excavators are used in mining to excavate soil and is also used in construction sites as well in dumpsites. While they are small in size, their usability is not limited to just a  few things.

Suction excavators:

These excavators are also called as vacuum excavators. They feature suction pipe that helps in carrying loose soil to another place. Before excavation, the water jet loses the ground, making it easy for the excavator to dig with ease. These types of excavators are used at places that need a careful exploration of underground elements.

Dragline excavator:

It’s heavy duty equipment, slightly varying in usage and bigger that is used for evacuating large-scale applications. These are usually categorised in two different types viz. standard mobile draglines and on-site draglines. Standard draglines are bigger excavators but are small than other on-site equipment. However, the on-site dragline is large equipment that is usually assembled and built on site. Typically, the draglines are assembled on sites as they are too heavy that this equipment can damage the roads.

Power shovels:

Power shovels are nothing, but the high-equipped and heavy machines that are used in places where sectional excavation like mining and digging is required. These are also called stripping shovels or front shovels. Generally, power shovels consist of a crane with bucket and lifting arm, a revolving device, counterweight and maneuvering controls.

Crawlers and compact excavators:

Crawlers are the excavators with high horsepower that is used for performing mining and other heavy tasks. Further, they are used to lift soil and debris by using hydraulic power mechanism.

Excavators are a very important machine that is used in constructional sites to perform all industrial tasks. These machines are used for mining, building, and construction.

News Reporter